Paro Taktsang is the popular name of Taktsang Palphug Monastery (also known as The Tiger’s Nest), a prominent Himalayan Buddhist sacred site and temple complex, located in the cliffside of the upper Paro valley, Bhutan. A temple complex was first built in 1692, around the Taktsang Senge Samdup cave where Guru Padmasambhava is said to have meditated for three years, three months, three weeks, three days and three hours in the 8th century. Padmasambhava is credited with introducing Buddhism to Bhutan and is the tutelary deity of the country.
The Guru mTshan-brgyad Lhakhang, the temple devoted to Padmasambhava (“The Temple of the Guru with Eight Names”) is an elegant structure built around the cave in 1692 by Gyalse Tenzin Rabgye; and has become the cultural icon of Bhutan.
The cave structure in an around the area is dedicated to meditation and is held as the birthplace of Buddhism within Bhutan. Damaged by fire in 1998, it was rebuilt by the Bhutanese government and is a national landmark as well as a center of Buddhist meditation and learning.